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Raccoon dog

Raccoon dog     Nyctereutes procyonoides

  • Appearance: Small, nocturnal fox-sized animals that have raccoon-like black markings across the face.
  • Biology: Sexually mature after 8-10 months producing 4-12 young.
  • Diet: Fruit, insects, amphibians, small rodents, birds and eggs.
  • Impact: Preys on or outcompetes native wildlife and can disrupt ecosystems, may carry diseases including rabies if animals have been imported.
  • Pathway: May have escaped or been deliberately released into the wild.
  • Legal status: Species of special concern listed under the retained EU Regulation 1143/2014 and the Invasive Alien Species (Enforcement & Permitting) Order 2019.
  • Unless you have a licence or permit or an exemption applies you must not:
    • keep them in your house, garden or business
    • sell them to other people
    • exchange them for goods
    • release them into the environment
    • let them breed or escape
    • import them into the UK
    • transport them within the UK
    • export them to other countries


  • What to do if you see Raccoon dog for sale or other offences being committed: Make a report by following the guidance here.


  • What to do if you see this animal in the wild: This is an alert species, record it with a photograph (where possible).