Ruddy duck Oxyura jamaicensis
Photo credit: GBNNSS
- Appearance: Small, compact duck with horizontal band around head (black in males and brown in females). Males also have a distinctive white cheek patch. Broad, short wings, with narrow, stiff upright tail. Males have a blue beak.
- Impact: Has the potential to cause the extinction of the globally threatened White-headed duck due to interbreeding. The ruddy duck is subject to an eradication programme in the UK in order to prevent this.
- Pathway: Occasionally found as wild birds or may have escaped or been deliberately released into the wild.
- Legal status: Species of special concern listed under the retained EU Regulation 1143/2014 and the Invasive Alien Species (Enforcement & Permitting) Order 2019.
- Unless you have a licence or permit or an exemption applies you must not:
- keep them in your house, garden or business
- sell them to other people
- exchange them for goods
- release them into the environment
- let them breed or escape
- import them into the UK
- transport them within the UK
- export them to other countries
- What to do if you see Ruddy duck for sale or other offences being committed: Make a report by following the guidance here.
- What to do if you see this animal in the wild: This is an alert species, record it with a photograph (where possible).